# Python Operators ## Operator in Python

Operators are the Symbols which is used for mathematical or Logical operation

Operators are the constructs, which can manipulate the value of operands

Consider the expression 2 + 3 = 5. Here, 2 and 3 are called operands and + is called the operator.

## There are following types of Operator

• Arithmetic operators
• Assignment operators
• Comparison operators
• Logical operators
• Identity operators
• Membership operators
• Bitwise operators

## Arithmetic Operatos

Arithmetic operators are used with numeric values to perform common mathematical operations:

 Operator Name Example + Addition a + b - Subtraction a - b * Multiplication a * b / Division a / b % Modulus a - b ** Exponentiation a ** b // Floor Division a // b

## Assignment Operators

Assignment operators are used to assign values to variables:

 Operator Example Same As = a=5 a=5 += a += 3 a = a + 3 -= a -= 3 a = a - 3 *= a *= 3 a = a * 3 /= a /= 3 a = a / 3 %= a %= 3 a = x % 3 //= a //= 3 a = a // 3 **= a **= 3 a = a ** 3 &= a &= 3 a = a & 3 |= a |= 3 a = a | 3 ^= a ^= 3 a = a ^ 3 >>= a >>= 3 a = a >> 3 <<= a <<= 3 a = a << 3

## Comparision Operatos

Comparison operators are used to compare two values:

 Operator Name Example == Equal a == b != Not Equal a != b > Greater than a > b < Less Than a < b >= Greater Than or Equal To a >= b <= Less Than or Equal To a <= b

## Logical Operators

Logical operators are used to combine conditional statements:

 Operator Description Example and Returns True if both statements are true a < 5 and a < 10 or Returns True if one of the statements is true a < 5 or a < 4 not Reverse the result, returns False if the result is true not(a < 5 and a < 10)

## Identity Operators

Identity operators are used to compare the objects, not if they are equal, but if they are actually the same object, with the same memory location:

 Operator Description Example is Returns True if both variables are the same object a is b is not Returns True if both variables are not the same object a is not b

## Membership Operators

Membership operators are used to test if a sequence is presented in an object:

 Operator Description Example in Returns True if a sequence with the specified value is present in the object a in b not in Returns True if a sequence with the specified value is not present in the object a not in b

## Bitwise Operators

Bitwise operators are used to compare (binary) numbers:

 Operator Name Description & AND Sets each bit to 1 if both bits are 1 | OR Sets each bit to 1 if one of two bits is 1 ^ XOR Sets each bit to 1 if only one of two bits is 1 ~ NOT Inverts all the bits << Zero fill left shift Shift left by pushing zeros in from the right and let the leftmost bits fall off >> Signed right shift Shift right by pushing copies of the leftmost bit in from the left, and let the rightmost bits fall off